The codes of ethics and law have established respect for confidentiality. The trust of patients in the doctors and the provided medical care depends on their capability to respect and sustain their confidentiality. In the absence of a guarantee about confidentiality, most of the patients avoid seeking health care facilities.
Nevertheless, the confidentiality principle is not absolute as these principles often override the interests of the public. The maintenance of confidentiality is crucial, but in some cases, health care professionals can disclose the information to certain reliable authorities. Disclosing confidentiality, to anyone even to the authority, requires the consent of the patients. Such that in the case of obtaining health insurance from the insurance company. Furthermore, there are certain situations that are ambivalent such as sexual contact with the patient of AIDS or the criminal acts, for such situations, no unambiguous guidelines are available. Hence, the physicians should estimate and comprehend the situation and perform complete obligations with respect to the need. The novel techniques such as electronic archiving and telemedicine have raised the new consideration in sustaining the patients` privacy.
All human beings contain the right to get respect. The prime purpose was to keep the psychological and physical information secret is to decline the sense of defenselessness and embarrassment. It is highly important to improve the well-being of a patient. The assurance of privacy gives confidence to the patients to share their medical issues and get desired treatment. Such a bond of trust is critical in diagnosing the disease and planning the treatment procedure. A good and honest relationship and trustworthiness are more important in improving health than technology advancement. The technology has provided various systems such as electronic health records.
The maintenance of medical confidentiality is a critical aspect of the patient and doctor relationship. Doctors possess the responsibility not to expose any details of the patients` diseases against their wishes. They must assure confidentiality according to law, code of ethics, and the principles of bioethics. The physicians in health care settings may confront the circumstances in which they have to select one from the harm to others or autonomy of the patients. On the other hand, physicians understand the case of violation of medical confidentiality in the presence of legal obligation of disclosing. In addition, some of the physicians presume the entire obligation in order to verify the need for, as well as the legality of their actions.